Atlantic Salmon in the Scottish Borders
Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar)
The amazing Atlantic salmon really is a king of fish. Atlantic salmon start their lives as eggs in the gravel of fresh water streams in the late autumn. By spring they have hatched into alevins and stay under the gravel in nests called redds for around six weeks before emerging as fry. Over the next 1-4 years they become parr and then smolts, a process which prepares the salmon for heading out to sea. As adults, salmon travel great distances to their feeding grounds before returning to the rivers they were born in. Some salmon spend four years at sea before returning to spawn. Once the salmon start their journey from their feeding grounds, they do not feed – even when they are back in our rivers.
The River Tweed is world famous for Atlantic Salmon and there are many places to catch a glimpse of this king of fish. Many salmon can be viewed during October and November, though you can also see them in March. Any bridge or cauld (weir) over the Tweed and its tributaries is a good place to view. There are also underwater cameras installed at the Salmon Viewing Centre just outside Selkirk.
Image coutesy of Stuart Scott Images